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ASPECTS OF GREEK CULTURE PRIOR TO AND AT THE TIME OF SOCRATES AND PLATO.

Posted by:Prof. Lexx Posted on:Jul 5,2016

Briefly describe some (at least four) aspects of Greek culture prior to and at the time of Socrates and Plato.

 

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Culture and History  

  1. Briefly describe some (at least four) aspects of Greek culture prior to and at the time of Socrates and Plato.
  2. What does it mean to say that a culture is “mythopoetic”? What was the cultural significance of the ‘Tales” of Homer and Hesiod?
  3. Before 500 BC the Greeks answer to, how does one live a good life was, “to follow the gods and to acceptmoira (fate).”  After 400 BC the answer to this question was not as clear to them.  Why? What had happened?

Greek Theatre

  1. Who is Aristophanes, and what image does he give us of Socrates in his play The Clouds? Is this reflection of Socrates historically accurate? Explain.

The Sophists

  1. Who were the Sophists? What type of courses did the Sophists teach? (3-5 sentence reply)
  2. What meaning did the Sophists give to the expression “might makes right”?
  3. What were the major “concerns” of the Sophist?
  4. Define: Cosmology, Cosmogony, and Theogony.
  5. What do you think Protagoras meant when he said “man is the measure of all things”?
  6. What was the principle difference between Socrates and the Sophist? What was Socrates “looking for” that the Sophists were not?

The Pre-Socratics from Science to Philosophy

  1. According to the readings, what were the specific tasks for Socrates and Plato?
  2. “Plato disliked the poets and the artists.” Why?
  3. What does it mean to say “The Greeks were moving from MYTH to PHILOSOPHY”?
  4. What were the “underlying assumptions” of the early philosophers, the early scientists, about Greek culture?
  5. What was unique about the “works” pre-Socratic philosophers? What were they searching for and what did they base their thinking on? Explain.
  6. What was Thales looking for?
  7. What were the 4 basic elements for Empedocles?
  8. What was Pythagoras fundamental contribution to the world of though?
  9. What did Heraclitus believe about all things?
  10. What was reality for Parmenides?

 

Socrates’ Lifetime

  1. What sort of questions was Socrates concerned with? List a few of the “key events in Socrates lifetime.”
  2. Why did the Delphic Oracle say “there is no one wiser than Socrates”? How did Socrates interpret this?

Socrates’ Trial and in Prison

  1. What did Meletus accuse Socrates of? Approximately how old was Socrates, and what significance does it have at his trial?
  2. Who is Euthyphro and what was the nature of the discussion he had with Socrates? And, what is the Divine Command Theory?
  3. What was the nature of Socrates trial? What was Socrates Defense? Why was he convicted? Why was he sentenced to death?
  4. Socrates believed that no harm can come to a good man, neither in life nor in death. What do you think he meant, and do you agree?
  5. Why did Socrates think it was wrong to escape from jail and flee the city after his conviction?

Plato’s Theory of Forms

  1. Briefly describe Plato’s Theory of Forms.
  2. What are Socrates four arguments for the existence of the Soul?

Socrates Legacy

 

  1. Socrates said the “unexamined life is not worth living.” What do you think he meant by this? And, do you agree?

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Prof. Lexx

Overview I have a Bachelor of Arts, majoring in English and minoring in History. I have worked in various fields ranging from academic research to freelance translating to editing to customer support and data entry. These include editing my old university's newspaper as well as co-leading their creative writing team; serving as a junior member in the history department's research network; publishing music and film reviews for several different magazines and webzines; and translating papers and books for numerous researchers in various languages, including Russian, Spanish, and Romanian. I am also a skilled typist, with a rate of at least 70 words per minute, and have myself digitized dozens of books and essays for both private and commercial use. I have a very strong work ethic, and make sure to prioritize the task I am given so that it is completed as quickly as possible. I am organized and disciplined, ensuring a job done professionally and efficiently.

    I have a background of 8 years in writing profession and currently pursuing also as an editor and proofreader. I have a knack for writing and thus, it was obvious to enhance my skills and serve others. Currently joined ‘Member of Association of Professional Writers and Editors’ a

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